5 Most Preferred Programming Languages for AI Engineers in 2023

Programming Languages for AI Engineers: As artificial intelligence projects become increasingly sophisticated, the demand for AI Engineers increases. So which programming languages are favored by AI engineers today? Read on to find out!

Artificial intelligence and data-driven technology are booming industries with a bright future ahead. Therefore, the demand for artificial intelligence and machine learning engineers and data scientists is growing at a rapid rate. As a result, aspiring AI engineers should choose their programming language carefully to build a successful career in the growing field of artificial intelligence.

In this article, we will discuss the most popular AI programming languages used in projects and their potential applications in the near future. Below discussed are the popular programming languages in 2023. 

1. Python Programming Language

Python is one of the most commonly used programming languages in the machine learning industry. Many data scientists and programmers use it due to its flexibility and simplicity. It is used by many tech giants such as Facebook, Google, Amazon, Netflix, Uber, and Instagram to develop various software applications for their startups and corporations. Due to its popularity among developers, it is widely used for building new applications, chatbots, and various tools and scripts for performing tasks in Python code. Some examples of applications that have been built using Python include Instagram and Pinterest apps, Shopify e-commerce stores, Quora and other Q&A websites, and YouTube analytics dashboards. Although Python is easy to learn for beginners, it has a very steep learning curve that requires a lot of time to master. This is why most experts and seasoned developers prefer to use more “advanced” programming languages such as C++ or Java instead. However, it is still a good choice for beginners who are new to the field of computer programming. It is also a great choice for non-programmers who are interested in learning the fundamentals of programming and working on simple AI-related projects in Python code.


* Most widely used programming language in ML.

* Versatile and easy to use.

* Has a vast library of built-in modules that can easily be imported and used to perform complex calculations.

* Small learning curve compared to other programming languages such as Java and C++.


* Does not offer the advanced security features that are required for some sensitive applications.

* Limited support for parallel processing and other performance-intensive tasks.

* Not suitable for large-scale projects that require extensive computational power.

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2. Java Script Programming Language

JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages used by data scientists for the development of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning systems. It is used for a wide range of different purposes such as building web apps, mobile applications, and desktop applications. It is also used to implement various features in modern web browsers like Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, and Mozilla Firefox. Its popularity stems from the fact that it is easy to learn and straightforward to use. Furthermore, it is supported by all the major web browsers which mean that there is no need to worry about compatibility issues when developing websites with JavaScript code. Developers can combine JavaScript with other programming languages to create powerful web applications without having to write complex code from scratch. This means that novice programmers can start developing their apps and websites and progress to more complex development tasks as they gain experience in the field.


* Easy to learn and use.

* Extensively supported by all major web browsers.

* Suitable for a wide range of different types of applications.


* Doesn’t offer the level of security and protection that is required for some sensitive applications.

* May not be powerful enough to handle large and complex projects.

* Not suitable for working with mobile devices because the code is not compatible with iOS and Android platforms.

3. SQL Programming Language

Another programming language that is commonly used for developing Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning applications is SQL. Unlike PHP and JavaScript, which are widely used for developing different kinds of web applications, SQL is mainly used for writing database queries. This language enables you to extract data from relational database management systems and manipulate it programmatically to carry out specific tasks related to your application. Therefore, if you want to build an application that uses data from a database, it is best to choose SQL as your programming language of choice. One of the main advantages of using SQL is that it is very easy to learn and understand compared to other programming languages such as C++ or Java. As a result, you can quickly start coding and building applications for data manipulation and analysis without worrying about the steep learning curve associated with them. Take up a data science course online in order to become a professional expert in SQL. 


* Simple and easy to use.

* Allows users to extract data from relational database management systems.

* Can also be integrated with other programming languages such as PHP and JavaScript for the creation of more complex applications.


* Can be difficult to master because of its technical nature.

* Difficult to master because of complex syntax and lack of support for modern features such as object-oriented programming.

* Less widely used than other programming languages such as PHP and JavaScript.

* Requires extensive coding experience in order to use it effectively.

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4. R Programming Language

Finally, another programming language that you can use to develop Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning applications is R. This language is primarily used in data analysis for predictive modeling and data mining applications. The syntax of R is very similar to Python which makes it relatively easy to learn for beginners who have no prior programming experience. Once you become familiar with the basics of this language, you can move on to more advanced development tasks such as building interactive web apps that collect data from users and analyze their data to provide users with useful recommendations to improve their user experience.


Some pros include: Better performance than other languages, support for many different platforms, available libraries are numerous and easy to use, very little syntax is required, and easy to learn and debug for developers with previous programming experience.


Difficult to find developers for certain jobs, and less experienced developers might not find it easy to learn the language.

5. GoLang Programming Language

GoLang is a statically typed programming language that is frequently used for the development of mobile applications. It has several built-in libraries that can help you speed up the development process and improve the performance of your apps without compromising on functionality. It is an open-source language that is completely free to use. Therefore, if you are looking for a programming language that you can use to develop apps for mobile devices, you should definitely consider learning GoLang. Some of the main advantages of using this language include performance optimization, easy code readability, and high-security levels. You can also apply a combination of different frameworks to improve the functionality and efficiency of your apps even further.


Performance Optimization, Easy Code Readability, High-Security Levels, Support for Cross-Platform Development, Easy to Learn and Debug, Open-source, Free to Use, Widely Used in the Development of Mobile Apps.


Slower compilation time compared to other languages, lack of object-oriented features, a limited number of libraries and debugging tools compared to some other languages, and no built-in garbage collection.

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To sum up!

The best programming languages for AI engineers are Python, R, and GoLang because of their ease of use and portability. AI engineers generally prefer to learn and use these languages rather than other programming languages such as Java and C++. Furthermore, the rapid growth of the AI industry is likely to increase the demand for these programming languages in the coming years. You should be aware of the Job Trend in Artificial Intelligence to develop your skills faster and become one of the industry experts.  If you are looking to launch a career in AI, you should learn one of these programming languages to become an AI engineer yourself.

Asmita Kar

I am a Senior Content Writer working with Pickl.AI. I am a passionate writer, an ardent learner and a dedicated individual. With around 3years of experience in writing, I have developed the knack of using words with a creative flow. Writing motivates me to conduct research and inspires me to intertwine words that are able to lure my audience in reading my work. My biggest motivation in life is my mother who constantly pushes me to do better in life. Apart from writing, Indian Mythology is my area of passion about which I am constantly on the path of learning more.